Carnatic Music

There  is  a  saying  in  vedas,

“sisurvetthi   pasurvetthi  vetthi

gaanam  rasam  phanihi”.

This  means ,  music  is  all  around  and  enjoyed  by  cattles ,  new born babies  and  other  peoples. Babies  starts  listening  and  enjoy  music, even  before  it  talks  and  walk. It  is  one  among  the  best  arts.

The  power  of  music  was  researched  in  Holland,  with  cows  and  crops. The  cows  which  listened  to  music, gave  more  milk  and  grains  grown  faster  and  were  also  healthy. It  is  true, that  power  of  music , is  not  easy  to  be  counted

Entering to the types  of  music ,the two types are “carnatic music” and “hindustani music”. Carnatic music have  seven swaras -S,R,G,M,P,D,N.

They are S-satjamam; R-rishabam; G-gaandharam; M-madhyamam; P-panchamam; D-deivadham; N-nishaadham. Again the seven swaras according to the different pitches ,forms ” sixteen swaras “. “S R1 R2 R3 G1 G2 G3 M1 M2 P D1 D2 D3 N1 N2 N3″.Various  combinations  of  these  sixteen  swaras  forms  ”arohanam”, “avarohanam”  of  72  raagam  which  are  the  main  basic  scales  on  the  octave.These  are  called  ”mela raagam”, which  are  mother  for  several  other  raagas ,”janya  raagam”.

Main  elements  of  carnatic  music  are  raagam,taalam ,sruthi. In  concerts  ,most  singers  start  with  a  varnam  and  then  to  songs  from  different  composers .At  the  mid  of  concert  , there  will  be  a  ”alapanai”(exposition  of  a  particular  raaga) ,followed  by  a  song  and  ”kalpana swaram”. The  another  center  of   attraction, “Raagam, Taanam, Pallavi”  which  is  based  on  exposition  of  a  raaga  and  doesn’t  worry  about  words.   “Hindustani  music”,   is  different  from  carnatic  music. But   one  thing  can  be  said  among  hindustani  and  carnatic, “one  is  an  escapade  into  wonder land ,while  the  other  is  a  visit  to  garden  with  variety  of  flowers.

There  are  three  gems  in  carnatic  music, “Thyagarajar, Muthuswamidheekshidhar, Shyamasastrigal” . Thyagarajar , composed  a  song  ”naa jeevadhara ”  in  Bhilahari  raagam, and  brought  back  the  life  of  a  man. Muthuswamidheekshidhar  made  to  rain  in  a  drought  area  ,with  his  song  ”anandhamruthakarshini”  in  the  raagam  ”amruthavarshini”. These  confirms  that, music  is  all  about  emotions and  it  is  a  language  of  emotions. Music  has  no  end  and  it  will  never  end . Through  music, we  can  experience  emotions  and  add  expression  to  our  experience.

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